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Showing posts from February, 2015

The 5th Regiment of Foot

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American War of Independence The 5th Regiment of Foot left Monkstown, Ireland on 7 May 1774, for Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony. Their presence was necessary because of strong civil unrest in the area. Arriving in July, 1774 the 5th Regiment of Foot camped on Boston Common. On 19 April 1775, the Light Infantry and Grenadier Companies participated in the march to Concord, and the resulting fighting at Lexington, Concord, and the march back to Boston. Casualties were five men killed, three officers and 15 men wounded, and one man captured. On 17 June 1775, after being under siege by American forces for two months, the regiment participated in the attack on the fortifications at Breed's Hill (the Battle of Bunker Hill). The American forces were finally driven off after intense fighting. The regiment was heavily engaged and suffered 24 dead, 137 wounded. After spending two months on board ship in Halifax, Nova Scotia, the 5th Regiment of Foot sailed to New York to participat

The British Royal Marines

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French and Indian War 1755 Corps of Marines and Marine Department On the re-commencement of hostilities with France in 1755, fifty companies of Marines were raised, under the direction and control of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty. These companies were formed into three divisions, at the principal naval stations, Portsmouth, Plymouth, and Chatham. The Corps of Marines having been raised in 1755, and since that period retained an the establishment, as a branch of the permanent national force of Navy, Army, and Marines, have been authorised to rank, when acting with Infantry of the line, next to the 49th Regiment, as directed by His Majesty King George IV. in the following General Order, dated Horse Guards, 30th of March 1820.  In reference to the regulations regarding proceedence of Regiments (as contained in page 10 of the general regulations and orders of the army), His Majesty has been graciously pleased to command, that the Royal Marines, when acting with troops of

The 47th Regiment of Foot

French and Indian War Under the command of Peregrine Lascelles, in 1750 the regiment deployed to Nova Scotia, Canada and the following year it was numbered the 47th Regiment of Foot. The regiment served at both Fort Vieux Logis and Fort Edward. It participated in the Bay of Fundy Campaign (1755), Battle of Fort Beausejour and the Siege of Louisbourg (1758). The following year the 47th took part in the legendary Battle of Quebec which saw British forces, under the command of General James Wolfe, prevail again French forces in a battle that concluded a 3 month siege of Quebec. Wolfe was well respected by his men, to such an extent that to commemorate the death of Wolfe in the battle the 47th Regiment of Foot began wearing a black line in their lace and also gained the nickname "Wolfe's Own". In 1760 the 47th Regiment of Foot took part in the Battle of Sainte-Foy, a British defeat against the French during the British defence of Quebec though despite the defeat the British

The 43rd Regiment of Foot

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French and Indian War The 43rd Regiment of Foot sailed for North America in May 1757, arriving at Halifax, Nova Scotia the following month to defend the British North American Colonies during the French and Indian War (the North American Theatre of the Seven Years' War) against France. A detachment of the 43rd Regiment of Foot was defeated in a skirmish with Mi'kmaq and Acadian resistance fighters at Bloody Creek near Fort Anne on 8 December. The regiment had spent almost two years on garrison duties when, in 1759, as part of General Wolfe's force, it took part in the capture of Quebec gaining its first battle honour. The next campaign was in the West Indies in 1762 where the 43rd Regiment of Foot took part in the capture of Martinique and St Lucia from the French and Havana, Cuba from the Spanish. American War of Independence The regiment returned to North America in 1774 and remained there throughout the American War of Independence. The 43rd Regiment of Foot were j

The British Light Infantry

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French and Indian War The 80th light infantry was raised on 5 May 1758 in North America by Thomas Gage In July 1758, the unit was part of the expedition against Carillon (actual Ticonderoga). On 5 July a detachment formed part of the vanguard along with Rogers' Rangers. The rest of the regiment formed the rearguard. On 6 July at daybreak, the British flotilla reached the narrow channel leading into Lake Champlain near Fort Carillon and disembarkation began at 9:00 AM. The same day regiment the regiment was involved in several skirmishes with French and Indian light troops. On 8 July , it fought in the disastrous battle of Carillon. At daybreak on 9 July the British army re-embarked and retreated to the head of the lake where it reoccupied the camp it had left a few days before. In 1759, the 80th light infantry joined Amherst's force in a new and successful expedition against Carillon. In August 1760, the 80th light infantry joined the ar

Lieutenant-General Sir William Howe

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Sir William Howe By  Richard Purcell French and Indian War William Howe joined the army in 1746 Howe saw extensive service in the French and Indian War. was involved in the capture of  Quebec , in 1759 when he led a British force to capture the cliffs at Anse-au-Foulon, allowing James Wolfe to land his army and engage the French, in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. Howe also participated in the campaigns to take Louisbourg. American War of Independence Lieutenant-General Sir William Howe, assumed command September 1775 Howe oversaw the rest of the Siege of Boston, before embarking on a campaign in 1776 that resulted in the capture of New York City and parts of New Jersey. In 1777 he captured Philadelphia, but controversially failed to support John Burgoyne, whose campaign for control of the Hudson River ended in the surrender of his army, leading to the entry of France into the war. Sources

The British Royal Artillery

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French and Indian War The Royal Artillery served in America during this war. In January 1755, a detachment  (6 officers and 60 men), under command of captain-lieutenant Hind sailed from Great Britain with Braddock's force destined to the expedition against Fort Duquesne in North America. On 8 July 1758,  4th and 17th coys of the Royal Artillery fought in the disastrous battle of Carillon. At daybreak on 9 July 1758, the British army re-embarked and retreated to the head of the lake where it reoccupied the camp it had left a few days before. In 1759, a detachment of the Royal Artillery took part in the expedition against Québec who finally surrendered on 18 September. At the end of October, when vice-admiral Saunders left with his fleet for Great Britain, about 430 men of the Royal Artillery remained as garrison in Québec along with 10 infantry battalions. American War of Independence The Royal Artillery served throughout North America during American War of Indep

The 38th Regiment of Foot

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American War of Independence The 38th Regiment of Foot was raised at Lichfield by General Luke Lillingston in February 1705, titled Luke Lillingstone's Regiment of Foot, it was the successor to two previous regiments raised by Lillingstone. In 1751, the regiment was numbered the 38th Regiment of Foot. The 38th Regiment of Foot saw service in the American Revolutionary War. Sources

The 52nd Regiment of Foot

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American War of Independence Twenty years after its founding, the 52nd Regiment of Foot saw active service in the American War of Independence, from 1774 to 1778. The 52nd Regiment of Foot was shipped to America from Canada, arriving in Boston, and fought in the battles of Lexington and Bunker Hill in 1775. Major-General William Howe led the main assault at Bunker Hill with Brigadier Robert Pigot leading the 52nd Regiment of Foot and 43rd  Regiment of Foot in support. This was the first occasion that the 52nd Regiment of Foot fought alongside the 43rd Regiment of Foot . They suffered heavy casualties at Bunker Hill, and in their grenadier company, only 8 men were left unwounded. In August, 1778, the men were drafted into other regiments and the officers returned to England. The regiment obtained new recruits and in 1782 the introduction of county titles for regiments resulted in the 52nd  Regiment of Foot adding "Oxfordshire" to their name. Sources Kronoskaf

The British Grenadiers

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French and Indian War The Louisbourg Grenadiers was a temporary unit of grenadiers formed by General James Wolfe in 1759 to serve with British Army forces in the Quebec during French and Indian War. Grenadiers from the 22nd Regiment of Foot, 40th Regiment of Foot, and 45th Regiment of Foot were brought together by Wolfe at the Fortress of Louisbourg in Nova Scotia in preparation for action along the St. Lawrence River. The unit was involved in numerous battles during the months long prelude to the Battle of the Plains of Abraham ( The Battle of Quebec ), 13 September 1759, including the ill-fated Battle of Beauport on 31 July 1759. After Quebec City's capture, the Grenadiers went on to be involved in the fall of Montreal the next year. American War of Independence  At the Battle of Bunker Hill James Abercrombie led the grenadier battalion in their charge of the redoubt on the Americans' left wing. During the assault Abercrombie sustained a gunshot wound, from an Afric