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20 Sep 2012

The Battle of Philippi

The Battle of Philippi

The Battle of Philippi also known as The Philippi Races 3 June 1861. Union, under Colonels Benjamin Franklin Kelley and Frederick W. Lander, 3,000. Killed, 2, wounded 2, missing 2. Confederate, under Col. George A. Porterfield, numbers not reported. Killed, 16 wounded, unknown missing 26. 

In conformity with our plan we proceed to narrate the progress of battles in the order of their succession, which carries us, in rapid transition, from one portion of the country to another, and brings each action vividly before the eye as it transpires. The most important engagement, after the fighting in the streets of Baltimore, the occupation of Annapolis and Alexandria, and the attacks of the enemy's batteries on Aquia Creek, was that at Philippi, in Western Virginia, on the 3 June 1861. The Union forces, under the command of Brigadier General Thomas A. Morris, were in the possession of Grafton. The rebels were at Philippi, under Colonel George A. Porterfield. Having determined to send out an expedition to surprise them, it was organized in two divisions one, consisting of the First Virginia Regiment, and the Ninth and Sixteenth Ohio, under the command of Colonel Benjamin Franklin Kelley the other, of the Sixth and Seventh Indiana, the Fourteenth Ohio, and a section of artillery, under the combined command of Colonels Ebenezer Dumont and Frederick W. Lander. They set out on their march in a terrific storm, through an unexplored and uneven country, on the night of the 2d of June. At four o'clock in the morning. Frederick W. Lander, who was to attack the enemy in front, took up his position across the river on a hill commanding the town. Benjamin Franklin Kelley was to attack them in rear. The plan matured at headquarters failed in its execution. Benjamin Franklin Kelley was impeded in his march of twenty-two miles by roads rendered almost impassable by the darkness of the night and the violence of the storm. On arriving, he found the town aroused instead of surprised, and Frederick W. Lander already engaged with the enemy. To add to the discomfiture caused by the lateness of his force, it came up in the wrong direction. Recovering from this error, however, it charged upon the enemy's encampments with improved promptness and great gallantry. Frederick W. Lander's batteries had in the mean time done terrible execution. Suddenly, while Benjamin Franklin Kelley was pressing them closely, he came down the hill like a thunderbolt, and joined iii the pursuit of the enemy. In this action Colonel Benjamin Franklin Kelley was severely wounded. Sixteen of the rebels were killed several wounded and taken prisoners, and a large quantity of camp equipage, arms, etc., were captured. 

Orders of Battle

Confederate Commander-in-chief George A. Porterfield

1st Brigade, under the command of 

1 x Confederate Infantry Regiment
1 x Confederate Infantry Regiment

2nd Brigade, under the command of 

1 x Confederate Infantry Regiment
1 x Confederate Infantry Regiment
1 x Artillery 


Union Commander-in-chief Thomas A. Morris

1st Brigade, under the command of Colonel Benjamin Franklin Kelley

1st Virginia Regiment
9th Ohio Infantry Regiment
16th Ohio Infantry Regiment

2nd Brigade, under the command of Colonels Ebenezer Dumont and Frederick W. Lander

6th Indiana Infantry Regiment
7th Indiana Infantry Regiment
14th Ohio Infantry Regiment 
1 x Artillery

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The Battle of Philippi

How it Played

Sources

14 Sep 2012

Southern Front

Southern Front

The Southern Front was a roughly Army group sized formation of the Soviet Army during the Second World War. The Southern Front directed military operations during the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina in 1940, and then was formed twice after the June 1941 German invasion, Operation Barbarossa.

Active 1940 to

Commanders

Army General Ivan Tyulenev, 21 June 1941 to 20 August 1941

Ivan Tyulenev
Ivan Tyulenev














Lieutenant General Dmitry Ryabyshev, 30 August 1941 to 5 October 1941

Dmitry Ryabyshev
Dmitry Ryabyshev














Colonel General Yakov Cherevichenko, 5 October 1941 to December 1941

Yakov Cherevichenko
Yakov Cherevichenko














Lieutenant General Rodion Malinovsky, December 1941 to 28 June 1942

Rodion Malinovsky
Rodion Malinovsky














Colonel-General Andrei Yeremenko, 1 January 1943 to 2 February 1943

Andrei Yeremenko
Andrei Yeremenko














Lieutenant General Rodion Malinovsky, 2 February 1943 to 22 March 1943

Rodion Malinovsky
Rodion Malinovsky














Colonel General Fyodor Tolbukhin, 22 March 1943 to 20 October 1943

Fyodor Tolbukhin
Fyodor Tolbukhin














Armies

9th Army
Front Assets

Front Assets

7th Rifle Corps - Major General K.L. Dobroserdov

116th Rifle Division - Col. Ya.F. Eremenko
196th Rifle Division - Maj. Gen. K.E. Kulikov
206th Rifle Division - Col. S.I. Gorshkov

9th Rifle Corps - Major General Pavel Batov


106th Rifle Division - Combrig M.S. Tkachev
156th Rifle Division - Mj.Gen. P.V. Chernyaev
32nd Cavalry Division - Col. A.I. Batskalevich

3rd Airborne Corps - Major General Vasili Glazunov


5th Airborne Brigade - Colonel Alexander Rodimtsev
6th Airborne Brigade - Colonel Viktor Zholudev
212th Airborne Brigade - Colonel Ivan Zatevakhin
47th Rifle Division

Southern Front, Photos
Southern Front, Doc

Army Group South

Army Group South

Army Group South (German: Heeresgruppe Süd) was the name of two German Army Groups during World War II. It was first used in the 1939 September Campaign, along with Army Group North to invade Poland. In the invasion of Poland Army Group South was led by Gerd von Rundstedt and his chief of staff Erich von Manstein. Two years later, Army Group South became one of three army groups into which Germany organised their forces for Operation Barbarossa. Army Group South's principal objective was to capture Soviet Ukraine and its capital Kiev.

Active 1939 to 1945

Commanders

Generalfeldmarschall Gerd von Rundstedt, 1 September 1939 to 26 October 1939

Gerd von Rundstedt
Gerd von Rundstedt















Generalfeldmarschall Gerd von Rundstedt, 22 June 1941 to 1 December 1941

Gerd von Rundstedt
Gerd von Rundstedt














Generalfeldmarschall Walter von Reichenau, 1 December 1941 to 12 January 1942

Walter von Reichenau
Walter von Reichenau














Generalfeldmarschall Fedor von Bock, 12 January 1942 to 9 July 1942

Fedor von Bock
Fedor von Bock














Generalfeldmarschall Maximilian von Weichs, 9 July 1942 to 12 February 1943

Maximilian von Weichs
Maximilian von Weichs














Generalfeldmarschall Erich von Manstein, 12 February 1943 to 30 March 1944

Erich von Manstein
Erich von Manstein














Generaloberst Johannes Frießner, 23 September 1944 to 28 December 1944

Johannes Frießner
Johannes Frießner














General der Infanterie Otto Wöhler, 28 December 1944 to 6 April 1945

Otto Wöhler
Otto Wöhler














Generaloberst Lothar Rendulic, 7 April 1945 to 30 April 1945

Lothar Rendulic
Lothar Rendulic














Armies

6th Army
17th Army
11th Army

3rd Army
4th Army

Army Group South, Photos
Army Group South, Doc

Southwestern Front

Southwestern Front

The Southwestern Front was a front of the Red Army during the Second World War, it was formed 3 times.

It was first created on June 22, 1941 from the Kiev Special Military District. The western boundary of the front in June 1941 was 865 km long, from the Pripyat River and the town of Wlodawa to the Prut River and the town of Lipkany at the border with Romania.

Active 1941 to

Commanders

Colonel General Mikhail P. Kirponos, June 1941 to September 1941

Mikhail P. Kirponos
Mikhail P. Kirponos














Marshal Semyon K. Timoshenko, September 1941 to December 1941

Semyon K. Timoshenko
Semyon K. Timoshenko














Lieutenant General Fyodor Kostenko, December 1941 to April 1942

Fyodor Kostenko
Fyodor Kostenko














Lieutenant General Nikolai F. Vatutin, October 1942 to March 1943

Nikolai F. Vatutin
Nikolai F. Vatutin















Colonel General Rodion Ia. Malinovsky, March 1943 to October 1943


Rodion Ia. Malinovsky
Rodion Ia. Malinovsky














Armies

5th Army
6th Army
12th Army
26th Army

Front Assets

Southwestern Front, Photos
Southwestern Front, Doc

297th Infantry Division






The 297th Infantry Division (297. Infanterie-Division) was formed in March/April 1940 from newly trained Austrian personnel. Not identified in action prior to the Russian campaign where it operated in the southern sector from July 1941. Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander

General der Artillerie Max Pfeffer, from 5 April 1940 to 1943

General der Artillerie Max Pfeffer
Max Pfeffer














522 Infantry Regiment
523 Infantry Regiment
524 Infantry Regiment
297 Reconnaissance Battalion
297 Artillery Regiment
297 Pionier Battalion
297 Anti-Tank Battalion
297 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 297
Home Station Wein (Wkr. XVII)

297th Infantry Division, Photos
297th Infantry Division, Doc

295th Infantry Division






The 295th Infantry Division (295. Infanterie-Division) was formed in March/April 1940 from newly trained personnel. Not identified in action prior to the Russian campaign, where it was continuously engaged on the southern front from July 1941.  Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander 

General der Artillerie Rolf Wuthmann, from 2 May 1942 to 16 November 1942

General der Artillerie Rolf Wuthmann
Rolf Wuthmann














Generalmajor Dr. Otto Korfes, from 16 November 1942 to 1943

Generalmajor Dr. Otto Korfes
Dr. Otto Korfes














516 Infantry Regiment
517 Infantry Regiment
518 Infantry Regiment
295 Schnelle Battalion
295 Artillery Regiment
295 Pionier Battalion
295 Anti-Tank Battalion
295 Reconnaissance Battalion
295 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 295
Home Station (Wkr. XI)

295th Infantry Division, Photos
295th Infantry Division, Doc

113th Infantry Division

113th Infantry Division





The 113th Infantry Division (113. Infanterie-Division) was formed in December 1940. Was in the Balkans on occupational duties during November and December 1941. Later transferred to the southern sector of the Russian front, where it was finally virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander

Generalleutnant Friedrich Zickwolff, from 4 June 1941 to 10 May 1942

Generalleutnant Hans-Heinrich Sixt von Arnim, from 10 May 1942 to 20 January 1943

Generalleutnant Hans-Heinrich Sixt von Arnim
Hans-Heinrich
Sixt von Arnim















260 Infantry Regiment
261 Infantry Regiment
268 Infantry Regiment
113 Bicycle Battalion
113 Artillery Regiment
113 Pionier Battalion
113 Anti-Tank Battalion
113 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 113
Home Station (Wkr. XIII)

113th Infantry Division, Photos
113th Infantry Division, Doc

94h Infantry Division





The 94h Infantry Division (94. Infanterie-Division) was a reserve division formed in September 1939. Personnel mainly Saxon or Sudeten German, with some previous military training. Took some part in the French campaign. Engaged in Russia in the southern sector, where it suffered heavy casualties on the withdrawal from Stalingrad.

Commander

General der Artillerie Georg Pfeiffer, from  21 August 1940 to 29 January 1943

General der Artillerie Georg Pfeiffer
Georg Pfeiffer,














267 Infantry Regiment
274 Infantry Regiment
276 Infantry Regiment
194 Bicycle Battalion
194 Artillery Regiment
194 Pionier Battalion
194 Anti-Tank Battalion
194 Schnelle Battalion
194 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 194
Home Station (Wkr. IV)

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

94h Infantry Division, Photos
94h Infantry Division, Doc

100th Jäger Division










The 100th Jäger Division (100. leichte Infanterie-Division) was formed in December 1940. First identified in action during the summer of 1941 on the Southern Russian front. The 369th Reinforced Inf Regt (Croatian) was attached to it until late in 1942. The division was virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander 

Generalleutnant Werner Sanne, from 10 October 1940 to 6 July 1942

Generalleutnant Werner Sanne
Werner Sanne














54 Jager Regiment
227 Jager Regiment
100 Reconnaissance Battalion
83 Artillery Regiment
100 Pionier Battalion
100 Anti-Tank Battalion
100 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 100
Home Station (Wkr. XVII)


On 10 October 1941, the 369th Croatian Reinforced Infantry Regiment linked up on the line of the Dnieper River with the 100th Light Infantry Division

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

9th Flak-Division

The 9th Flak Division (Luftwaffen-Feld-Division 10) was a division of the Luftwaffe created in western France in January 1941. It served on the Eastern Front before being surrounded in Stalingrad in November 1942 and destroyed.

Commanders

General der Flakartillerie Wolfgang Pickert, from 25th June 1942 to  27th May 1944

General der Flakartillerie Wolfgang Pickert
Wolfgang Pickert















19 Motorised Flak Regiment
20 Motorised Flak Regiment
10 Artillery Regiment
10 Pioneer Company
10 Anti-Tank Battalion
10 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number
Home Station

9th Flak-Division, Photos
9th Flak-Division, Doc

79th Infantry Division







The 79th Infantry Division (79. Infanterie-Division) was a reserve division formed on mobilization. Personnel mainly from the Rhineland. On the Saar front for a period, but took little part in active operations. Identified on the southern sector of the Russian front. Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander

Generalleutnant Richard Graf von Schwerin, from 14 January 1942 to 9 January 1943

208 Infantry Regiment
212 Infantry Regiment
226 Infantry Regiment
179 Reconnaissance Battalion
179 Artillery Regiment
179 Pionier Battalion
179 Anti-Tank Battalion
179 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 179
Home Station Koblenz (Wkr. XII)

23 August 1942

September

October

November

December

January

2 February 1943

76th Infantry Division








The 76th Infantry Division (76. Infanterie-Division) was a reserve division formed on mobilization. Prussian personnel. Fought well in France. Engaged in Russia in the southern sector from the beginning of the campaign. Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander 

Generalleutnant Carl Rodenburg, from 26 January 1942  to 31 January 1943

Generalleutnant Carl Rodenburg
Carl Rodenburg














178 Infantry Regiment
203 Infantry Regiment
230 Infantry Regiment
176 Reconnaissance Battalion
176 Artillery Regiment
176 Pionier Battalion
176 Anti-Tank Battalion
176 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 176
Home Station Berlin (Wkr. III)

76th Infantry Division, Photos
76th Infantry Division, Doc

71st Infantry Division






The 71st Infantry Division (71. Infanterie-Division) Reserve division formed on mobilization and recruited mainly from the Hannover area. On the Saar front for a period.. Fought with distinction in the Sedan area and in the advance on Verdun. Fought in Russia in the southern sector for the first four months of the campaign, then returned to France and left again for the Eastern front during April 1942. Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander

General der Infanterie Alexander von Hartmann, from 28 March 1941 to 1943

General der Infanterie Alexander von Hartmann
Alexander von Hartmann














191 Infantry Regiment
194 Infantry Regiment
211 Infantry Regiment
171 Reconnaissance Battalion
171 Artillery Regiment
171 Pionier Battalion
171 Anti-Tank Battalion
171 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 171
Home Station Hildesheim (Wkr. XI)

71st Infantry Division, Photos
71st Infantry Division, Doc

60th Infantry Division (mot)








The 60th Infantry Division (mot) (60. Infanterie-Division (mot.)) was originally the 60th Infantry Division formed at Danzig in August 1939 and embodying the Danzig Heimwehr. As such took part in the attack on the Hela peninsula in September 1939 and in the French campaign. In the late summer of 1940 it provided a nucleus for the formation of the 60th Motorized Division, which fought in Yugoslavia in April 1941. Subsequently in the southern sector in Russia. Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander 

Generalleutnant Otto Kohlermann, from 15 May 1942 to November 1942

Generalmajor Hans-Adolf von Arenstorff, from November 1942 to 1943

Generalmajor Hans-Adolf von Arenstorff
Hans-Adolf von Arenstorff,














160 Panzer Battalion
92 Infantry Regiment (mot)
120 Infantry Regiment (mot)
160 Motorcycle Reconnaissance Battalion (mot)
160 Artillery Regiment (mot)
160 Pionier Battalion (mot)
160 Anti-Tank Battalion (mot)
160 Signal Battalion (mot)

Auxiliary unit number 160
Home Station Danzig (Wkr. XX)

60th Infantry Division (mot), Photos
60th Infantry Division (mot), Doc

44th Infantry Division







The 44th Infantry Division (44. Infanterie-Division) formed on 1 April 1938 from personnel mainly Austrian. Sustained heavy casualties in Poland. Saw little fighting but marched great distances in France. Morale less high than that of the other Austrian active divisions. Engaged in Russia on' the southern front from the beginning of the campaign. Virtually destroyed at Stalingrad.

Commander

Generalleutnant Heinrich Deboi, from  2 Mai 1942 to 29 January 1943

Generalleutnant Heinrich Deboi
Heinrich Deboi














131 Infantry Regiment
132 Infantry Regiment
134 Infantry Regiment
44 Reconnaissance Battalion
96 Artillery Regiment
80 Pionier Battalion
46 Anti-Tank Battalion
64 Signal Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 44
Home Station Wien (Wkr. XVII)

44th Infantry Division, Photos
44th Infantry Division, Doc

29th Infantry Division (mot)






The 29th Infantry Division (mot) (29. Infanterie-Division (mot.)) was formed on 1 October 1936 from personnel largely Thuringian. Moved great distances and fought hard in Poland and France. Identified in the central sector in Russia in July 1941. Transferred to the southern sector in the summer of 1942 and virtually destroyed at! Stalingrad.

Commander 

Generalmajor Max Fremerey, from   20 September 1941 to 25 September 1942

Generalmajor Max Fremerey
Max Fremerey














Generalmajor Hans-Georg Leyser, from  25 September 1942 to  January 1943

Generalmajor Hans-Georg Leyser
Hans-Georg Leyser














129th Panzer Battalion
12 Panzer II
35 Panzer III (5 cm lg)
  8 Panzer IV (lg)
  2 Panzer Befehlswagen

15th Infantry Regiment (mot)
71st Infantry Regiment (mot)
29th Motorcycle Reconnaissance Battalion
29th Artillery Regiment
29th Pioneer Battalion
29th Anti-Tank Battalion (mot)
29th Signals Battalion

Auxiliary unit number 29
Home Station Erfurt (Wkr. IX)

29th Infantry Division (mot), Photos
29th Infantry Division (mot), Doc